DISASTER MANAGEMENT TEXTBOOK FOR CLASS 9 CBSE PDF

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The books can be download in pdf format for Class 9 Disaster Management. Download entire book or CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 4 part 1 . Download CBSE Class 9 Disaster Management Chapter 3, NCERT Book for Disaster Management and other books free in pdf format. Books. NCERT · CBSE · AIEEE · IITJEE · Tamilnadu · BITS MSSS · ANU · IPE · UPSC. Natural Hazards and Disaster Management- IX (English) . 2, 0.


Disaster Management Textbook For Class 9 Cbse Pdf

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Download Disaster Management Book Class 9 English by Peravani, IX surlongporetpia.tk%surlongporetpia.tk May Chapter 4 surlongporetpia.tk surlongporetpia.tk Download CBSE Class 9 Textbooks for Disaster Management in Hindi Free Pdf. Know the Chapter wise contents present in the Disaster. Smt. Sugandh Sharma, Education Officer, CBSE. 2. Ms. Balaka disaster management planning for prevention, reduction, mitigation, preparedness . Social Science for classes VIII in the year , for class IX in and for class X in the next Development of textbooks for standard VIII and IX on Disaster Management.

Thankfully none in his family was injured during the quake. More than organizations. About 1. Home Guards. When disasters occur they teach us lessons at a very high cost usually to life and property.

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Students are the future generation of the country and they can make a difference by helping the community for a safer place to live. There were many ill-fated families and this could happen to you and me. Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan too play a major role at the time of crisis. About 3. What went wrong? Did the houses have faulty structural design? This indicates how important and how crucial planning for a disaster is. Sharing Responsibility —Role of Local and State Bodies At the time of disaster various agencies both government and non.

Voluntary organizations. This chapter tries to understand the functions and role of these agencies in disaster management. Think about it.. Khan a poor driver who was suffering. Who will coordinate? It is not only Mr. Mr Khan is a driver in the town of Bhuj. Volunteers of National Service Scheme.

Civil Defence.. Aid agencies have started approaching materials for providing assistance.. Other Ministries are assigned the responsibility of providing emergency support in case ofm disasters that fall within their preview. Do you know the agencies that work for our safety? The basic responsibility of undertaking rescue.

District and Sub.. How are Disasters Managed? The flow chart given below would give you a better understanding about the management of disasters at various levels in our country.

(Download) CBSE Text Books: Disaster Management - IX (Hindi)

The response from the Central Government is based keeping in view the following factors: The gravity of the disaster The requirements of the Central assistance for augmenting financial resources and logistics support at the disposal of the State Government. Managing Disasters Disasters can be managed effectively through close coordination with various government and nongovernment agencies.

The Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Government by providing financial and logistic support. District levels. The country has an integrated administrative machinery for management of disasters at the National. The Ministry of Home Affairs is the Nodal Ministry at the centre for coordinating disaster management activities for all natural hazards except drought which is taken care by Ministry of Agriculture under the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation India with its federal system of Government has specific roles for the Central and the State Governments..

The scale of the relief operations 3. Do you remember the administrative divisions in India. A Disaster Management Committee has been set up at the district level headed by the District Magistrate and officials from the health department. These local bodies can be effective instruments in tackling disasters through early warning system.

The district administration is the focal point for implementation of all governmental plans and activities. Fire Services. Health practioners etc. Veterinary Department. In many of the states.

Irrigation Department. The role of the Central Government is to support in terms of physical and financial resources. The Chief Minister or the Chief Secretary of the State heads a state level committee which is in overall charge of the relief operations at the State and the Relief Commissioner who is in charge of the relief and rehabilitation measures in the wake of natural disasters.

The Disaster Management Committee which is basically the decision making body takes the help of the Disaster Management Teams. Department of Water and Sanitation. Department of Revenue is also in charge of relief operations. It is accepted that the Government alone cannot take on the entire responsibility of Disaster Management. The members should see to it that mock drills are carried out by the villagers at regular intervals by the villagers for various hazards.

The other members of the committee are officers from the Social Welfare department. In India. Apart from national. International and National voluntary groups. Youth Organizations. The main functions of Block Disaster Management Committee are: At the village level.

UN agencies. Rural water supply and Sanitation Department. Community Based Organizations. This includes the police and Para-military Management Plan forces. Health department. Non Governmental Organizations.

Disaster Management X Together Towards a Safer India Part-III

Civil Defence and Home Guards. Functions of some of the organizations have been mentioned below. Recollect and discuss with your friends in the classrooms regarding various disaster management teams at the village level — their members and their roles and responsibilities in before.

Providing leadership in all walks of life including the Armed Forces and making themselves available for the service of the nation. The NCC is open to all regular students of schools and colleges on a voluntary basis. An identification card is issued.

An NCC troop cannot have more than cadets in its roll. If you meet the physical standards and if all is well you will receive your kit. The two war emergencies faced by the country in and compelled the Government of India to reorient its emergency training activities from natural disasters to those concerning protection of life and property against enemy action.

The first two divisions are. This it does by creating a human resource of organized. Due to their ability to organize action in adverse ground circumstances. They intervene and take on specific tasks only when the situation is beyond the capacity of civil administration.

It has been divided into four divisions they are not similar to the Army divisions. The college cadets and the school cadets are trained differently. The recruitment begins every academic year. If it has one. To enter the Junior Division. The officers and cadets have no liability for active military service. This Central Institute focuses on advanced and specialist training to the leaders of relief services, which was essential for efficient conduct of relief operations during natural disasters.

Today there are around , Civil Defence Volunteers throughout the country. The first Education Commission recommended the introduction of national service by students on a voluntary basis. Ministry of Education introduced the National Service Scheme during It underlines that the of Tamil Nadu about welfare of an individual is ultimately dependent on the welfare of NSS volunteers have spread the society as a whole. It stand for dynamism areas with relief material and progressive outlook of youth.

Any student enrolled as a NSS especially in the slums. The Service Certificate given in the Director.

NSS Manual should be strictly adhered. This was on the recommendation of the National Advisory Board on Youth with the objective of providing the non-student rural Youth avenues to take part in nation building activities and also to provide opportunity for the development of their own personality and skills.

As volunteers the members have helped the community at times of crisis.

Serve as an auxiliary to the police in maintenance of internal security Help the community in any kind of emergency such as air raid, fire, cyclone, earthquake, epidemic etc. Help in maintenance of essential services Promote communal harmony and assist the administration in protecting weaker sections Participate in socio-economic and welfare activities and perform Civil Defence duties.

Courses have been designed with a purpose to sensitize students in all the aspects of Disaster Management. Similar efforts are being made to introduce Disaster Management in Architecture course and Urban Planning, Medical courses etc. If you were the Relief Commissioner of the State of Assam which is affected by floods every year list out five departments that you need to contact.

List out four members of the Disaster Management Committee at the district level. Write the main aim of the National Cadet Corp. List the organisations which help the state govt. Explain the role of Central Govt. Gopal Hazong aged 57 years having a family of 5 members lived in Nalbari village of Assam.

Every year the tyrant Brahmaputra River washed his house away. Apart from his house the whole village was being affected and ninety percent of the houses washed off. One day a trained volunteer approached him and said that they could reduce the loss that they have been facing since years. They first decided to prepare a Community Plan to combat floods. They involved all the villagers and prepared a village map.

The map became a key reference point and this exercise was carried out for three days. More details were added day by day, until every household detail was added in the map. This mapping exercise gave the villagers a chance to identify the most vulnerable and it led to discussions that described how the situations could change. It was decided by the villagers that henceforth all the houses would be built on raised platforms and to combat the problem of drinking water, all the tube wells would be raised.

All the villagers then decided to contribute their best of efforts in this gigantic task and formed Village Disaster Management Teams. In Standard IX Chapter 6, we discussed about the process of community planning for disasters.

In continuation to the earlier chapter this chapter outlines the practical steps of community level disaster preparedness. It covers important steps such as awareness building in the neighborhood or community, analyzing the situation, formation of task force and drawing emergency response plans for taking longterm measures to reduce risk. In other words. They know better about the risk. Basic information. It need not where they stay and also the have a series of flow diagrams showing the process of strengths and weaknesses of the planning.

For what do we need to plan? We can plan for any possible critical event. The major thrust is to address possible scenario of an event and focus on the impact the humanitarian operations. State and National Levels. The Plan identifies in advance action to be taken by individuals. It involves active participation from the people residing in that locality in making decision about the implementation of processes.

It has to be made very specific by involving both government and non-government organizations. Community Planning Community planning is a forward planning process. The most common could be natural disasters affecting human operations or industrial disaster.

By involving the community in the preparedness phase. Outbreak of civil conflict affecting civilian population Sudden shortage of food or other commodities. It can vary upon the scale of operations or processes involved as well as the population that could possibly be affected in case of an untoward event. Use of technology or sophisticated analysis community to cope wth an eventuality. The primary goal of Community Planning for disasters is to reduce the vulnerability of the concerned community and strengthen its existing capacity to cope up with disasters.

Contingency plans are prepared at different levels such as Neighborhood. Their plans will be more effective to The task cannot be of a single person in the preparation respond to any situation if confronted.

The contingency plan is followed by a set of operational plans by various individuals. Further improvement of the plan should be carried out based on the lessons learnt during practice. An effective contingency plan is prepared involving people from all areas and different categories using participatory process. It is just an example. What should a Community Contingency Plan answer? A typical contingency plan should answer the WHO. The Plan should answer the following: Who is living where?

Whom to give priority? Who will listen to messages? Who will mobilize what? Where Where Where Where Where to inform? Before the event. It is also important that the plan prepared at the lowest level should be in lines to the plans prepared at the higher levels for effective coordination during a disaster.

The active community members take a lead in facilitating and developing the plan. What How Why? Why each of the above? This is not to be treated as a complete list. Due importance is given to each individual in the development of the Plan.

Rapport Building and Initial Awareness Rapport building with the senior citizens. It is essential to tap information and take it forward towards a meaningful process during the next step of analyzing situations.

The main objective is to motivate them and get them involved in the planning process. Usually Government functionaries working at the village level. How to prepare a plan and what should a contingency plan consist of? The Contingency Planning Exercise is a forum and opportunity for all sections of the society to participate.

Discussing the recent disaster incident and the losses and risks that were involved could generate initial interest.

If the community does not have a recent experience to recollect. Village Self Help Groups. Local knowledge to cope up with the disaster should not be overlooked during these discussions. To start with the plan one individual or a group of people may facilitate the Contingency Planning Exercise.

A typical Community Contingency Plan will involve following basic steps: People in group discussion Street play in an urban area to sensitize the community The important task here is to mobilize community participation through awareness generation techniques by various options such as: The views of one may differ from others.

The discussion has to be done through a participatory process. The end product is thus more realistic. Each has something useful to contribute to the planning. In this part we will look into some detail on the preparation of the Contingency Planning process.

There is no clear demarcation of an exact procedure as situation may vary in terms of geographical spread. Outlining the profile of the community It involves outlining data pertaining to the following namely: The death toll restricted to 22 in this village of around population.

The lesson learnt came handy to them in saving many lives. Displaying of posters This awareness campaign will help the people to understand the need for planning. Population Local resources both human like skilled manpower. Seasonality Calendar for Disasters Source: Dainik jagaran While analyzing the past experiences pertaining to various natural hazards.

This can be carried out by taking the help of elderly people of the village. Villagers were asked to make use of local resources such as dry tree stem or empty drums when drowning in sea.

It consists of local elected representatives. Based on the assessment of the situation actions need to be assigned to the community members. Women in team were engaged in giving first aid to the victims. The villagers analyze the losses that they had incurred during various disasters and learn the best practices carried out. Housing pattern in that locality RCC. Senior citizens too are a part of the committee. Formation of a village disaster management committee VDMC Village Disaster management Committee VDMC is formed in each of the village and it is responsible for initiating disaster preparedness activities.

Review and Analysis of Past Disasters It refers to prioritizing disasters based on its frequency and analysis of the estimated losses. Mapping of the natural resources in the area includes: Individual skills too can be identified in the map. The types of maps are as follows: Mapping Exercise One of the most important activities of preparing the Disaster management plan at the village level is the mapping of risk.

The resource map is therefore not limited to a map depicting the available resources but also plotting the distribution. This mapping exercise aims to provide a pictorial base to the planning process especially to the semi. Forest area. Social map of Pathapeta village b Resource Mapping It focuses on the locally available resources and assets that can be utilized for building the capacities of the community during and after disasters. Safe shelter.

It could be either roadway or waterways. This map should also show the alternate safest approach route to the area. For example in areas that are frequently affected by floods we need to know the houses that are located on raised platforms.

It is ideal to have a team of 25 members per task force for a unit of households. Map shows the location of human resources. Ex-service men. Selection of Disaster management teams Willing and active men and women folk from the community can be members of the Disaster management teams.

The picture is a Resource map prepared by the community under the Village Plan of Assam. Water and Sanitation. Water and Sanitation 4. Mock drill is an integrated part of the disaster preparedness plan. Rescue and Evacuation Group 3.

Village Volunteer being trained in Search and Rescue 7. The drills are basically a series of actions according to the plan and are usually tried out as a dummy exercise by keeping the people informed of the exercises.

The different task forces are as follows: Early Warning Team. The DMTs. Shelter Management. Training of Disaster Management Teams DMTs The selected team members need to be well trained in specific skills so as to carry out their specific tasks efficiently during a given situation of a disaster.

Trauma Counseling. Carcass Disposal Team. Relief Team. Rescue and Evacuation Team. First Aid Team. The drills should be conducted at least twice a year. Local health Centre. Red Cross. If practiced several times the community would be well prepared to respond to the situation.

In case of areas prone to cyclone or flood the drills shall be conducted twice a year. This is usually done keeping in mind the real time situation.

First Aid Group 2. The working plan prepared by the community should be aimed towards the development in the region. Hence it is very important that the plan is revised every six months or at least once in a year with updated information. What effects did this disaster have in the local community. Suggested activities for students: Identify what it was. Define Community Contingency Plan and give two reasons for the need of a Plan? Identify the components to be present in a Resource map?

Disaster Management: The Development Perspective Identify four different task forces and list out two responsibilities of each of the task forces? References for further reading: The plans should not just remain on paper rather it should be dynamic and working. Were the local people prepared and did they have any contingency plan?

What sort of problems did the effected population went through and how did they cope with during and after the disaster? What steps do you think should have been taken by the community and the administration to prevent the losses?

In a few points describe suitable mitigation and preparedness measures that the community should take in advance to guard this kind of disaster occurring again. Delhi India Tel.

Community Centre Preet Vihar. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page.

Search inside document. Planning ahead… by the people, for the people Gopal Hazong aged 57 years having a family of 5 members lived in Nalbari village of Assam. Sriram Raj. Sneha Dewan. Joydeep Mondal. Anusha Verghese.

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I express my appreciation and thanks to Shri. Tsunamis may also be generated by very large earthquakes far away in other areas of the Ocean. Map shows the location of human resources, equipments to be used during emergency, open spaces etc.

Such was the case in the summer and fall of when flooding extended over nearly one-half of the country and stagnated for more than a month. Radio listeners who woke to hear the news in morning were told were feared dead.

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